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infra|vergence Visualization References

This document traces the practice of data visualization, showing general examples ranging from 2 & 3-dimensional visualization to spatial immersion. Its objectives are to position the infra|vergence project within the bounds of visualization as both a cultural and professional practice ; demonstrate the sophisticated use of locational information in visualizations that employ spatial immersion, progressing from simple montage of maps in 2 or 3 dimensions to the actual integration of visualization objects into the geospatial landscape; and, establish infra|vergence as both Project and Pedagogy, a tool for the creation and diffusion of knowledge.

Visualization project examples :

  • 2-D Visualizations
  • 3-D Visualizations
  • 3-D Interactive Visualizations
  • Visualization in Virtual Globes
  • Inworld Visualizations (immerse)
  • Inworld geo-tagged Visualizations (geospatial immersion)

2D Visualizations

Cabspotting traces San Francisco’s taxi cabs as they travel throughout the Bay Area. The patterns traced by each cab create a living and always-changing map of city life. [http://www.cabspotting.org/]


MYPOCKET traces simultaneously a personal history of expenditures and universal financial forecast. The physical and virtual evidence of all his expenditures is retained, creating a database visualization of their passage and custom software algorithm of their probability of recurrence. The Transactions Feed archives all of his economic interactions (thereby making all his personal financial records public), and posts their percentaged predictions. The Transactions Graph is a dynamic representation of the temporal and relational aspects of these transactions.


3D Visualizations

Eye candy traces the cloud of Wi-Fi signal that envelops central Salt Lake City, UT, generated by ~1700 access points.


Cascade on Wheels is a visualization project that intends to express the quantity of cars we live with in big cities nowadays. The data set we worked on is the daily average of cars passing by streets, over a year. In this case, a section of the Madrid city center, during 2006. The averages are grouped down into four categories of car types. Light vehicles, taxis, trucks, and buses.

3D Interactive Visualizations

Through partnership with mobile operators, Current Cities reveals the inner workings of a city through text messages, articulating the life of Amsterdam, here, These images depict the volume and intensity of text messages during on New Year’s Eve day and night.


The Atlas of Electromagnetic Space is an interactive visualization of the Radio Spectrum, and a database of artistic and social interventions that have been developed in the last decades that employ radio technologies. Projects are catalogued according to the frequencies they occupy.

Visualization in Virtual Globes

Shown here is the American communications objects density in a 3D graph. It’s made the author of GIS visualization tool for Google Earth called KMLer. The visualization is made with data found at the US FCC (Federal Communications Commission) wireless site.


Google Earth can be used as a scientific visualization platform as OpenEarth, who is a free and open source initiative to deal with Data, Models and Tools in marine & coastal engineering projects, does. It provides a platform to archive, host and disseminate high quality data, state-of-the-art model systems and well-tested tools for practical analysis.

Inworld Visualizations (immerse)

Green Phosphor creates a rich 3D interactive data analysis environment from any data source. It turns mundane Database or Spreadsheet data and turns it into an interactive Virtual World (a la Second Life). It allows you, and the people you invite, to view and interact with 3D visualizations of your data.


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